An analysis of factors influencing student’s problem in pronouncing long and short vowels

  • Sulaiman Sulaiman IKIP-PGRI Pontianak
  • Muhammad Iqbal Ripo Putra IKIP-PGRI Pontianak
Keywords: Descriptive research, Pronunciation, vowels


The purpose of this research was to find out the students’ ability in pronouncing long and short English vowels and to find out what is the factor causing the problems in pronouncing short and long English vowels. This research was done through descriptive research, the sample was chosen by purposive sampling. There were 6 classes as population and chosen 5 students in each class as a sample to represent all students in every class.The tool of data collecting of this research was minimal pair test as a measurement test and interview. Based on the research finding, it was found that only 2 students that got score with the category “good” (60) and “excellent” (80) from the total of 30 students with the mean score 40,89 that categorized into "fair". Mispronounced in short vowels were 247 and mispronounced in long vowels were 283. From the result of Interview, it was found that the student had problems in pronouncing the vowel in English that were caused by several factors, including learning and social aspect. Based on the result, it can be concluded that students had the pronunciation ability categorized into "fair"and also some problems in terms of the pronunciation of long and short vowels influenced by problems during the learning process and social aspects.